(KING TUT) LIFE
Tutankhamun, or better known as King Tut, was a pharaoh who
accomplished little in his life. He did not expand Egyptís
borders nor enjoy triumphant victories like the many pharaohs
before him; however, he is the most recognized and probably the
most famous pharaoh today. But why is he so famous? This answer
can be attributed to the discovery of his tomb and his elaborate
King Tutís tomb was a major discovery of the 19th century. It
was discovered November 4, 1922 in the Valley of the Kings by
Howard Carter. It was a phenomenal discovery that made headlines
across the world. Up until the discovery of King Tutís tomb, it
was believed that all royal tombs had been robbed and drained of
For the first time, a tomb, which was almost intact, had been
discovered and remained hidden from robbers for thousands of
years. The tomb revealed an elaborate lifestyle that many people
could only dream about as well as providing clues and insight
into King Tutís life and how he lived.
though little is known about Tutankhamunís life, we do know that
he was given the throne at a young age. It has been estimated
that he was about eight or nine years old when this throne
exchange took place. During the time that this occurred, Egypt
was in turmoil due to his fatherís religious movement. His
father, which is believed to be Akhenaten, had changed the
religious system and the old beliefs that had been practiced for
hundreds of years before him. This religious change angered many
angry citizens and priests. Tutankamun was left with an angry
and chaotic Egypt to rule.
The birth name of Tutankhamun was Tutankhaton, which meant
ďLiving Image of the Aten.Ē His father, which remains a mystery,
is believed to be Akhenaten, although some evidence points to
Amenhotp III. His mother remains a mystery as well but she is
believed to be Kiya.
It is thought that Tutankhaton must have had a good childhood.
He probably spent his younger years hunting, swimming, and
studying. His tomb revealed he enjoyed board games. Like most
children, he probably found politics unexciting and went about
his environment enjoying leisurely activities. Because he was a
child, he probably had an ignorant view about his fatherís
teachings and politics. He was also believed to be an ill child
due to the many walking canes that were found inside his tomb.
After his fatherís death, Tutankaton was given the throne. He
was wed to his half-sister Ankhensenpaaton, the daughter of
Nefertiti and Akhenaten. After acquiring the throne he began to
uphold his fatherís beliefs, which was the worship of one god --
the Aton. A few years later Tutankaton started to bring back
gods that were forbidden by Akhenaten. He soon changed his name
to Tutankhamun along with changing his wifeís name to
Ankhesenamun. Their names were changed to reflect their beliefs
towards Amun (eighth Heh god of the Ogdoad) and probably to ease
the angry priests who missed their old Egypt. They soon decided
to leave their fatherís capital Amarna and relocated to a new
capital in Memphis and Thebes. This movement was probably
suggested by Ay (a high ranking official and advisor) to show
the Egyptians and priests that things were slowly returning to
the original ways.
With the ancient beliefs restored and the movement of the new
capital, King Tutankhamun threw lavish parties to show his
support for Amun. Tuankhamun was only a child while the old gods
were being reinstated, but could a child make decisions of this
magnitude at such a young age?
It doesnít appear so, and it appears that his adviser Ay most
likely made major decisions for him. Ay and Hermhab were
probably the sole drive behind the throne. Could this be why old
gods were reinstated and King Tut changed his name? It could
have been a great possibility due to the records left behind,
which showed Egypt was in a poor state after Akhenaten.
Sometime during his tenth year of reigning, Egypt was at war
with the Hittites. During this confrontation Tutankhamun
suddenly died. How he died remains a mystery; however, itís
believed he was murdered.