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Was Akhenaton a monotheist?
Poll ended at Tue Jul 20, 2004 7:55 am
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Egyptian Hebrew Beliefs
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PostPosted: Thu Jul 15, 2004 7:55 am 
Tomb Robber
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If anyone has any information on what the Hebrews in Ancient Egypt (preferably Old Kingdom period) believed in or what their religion focused on, I would appreciate it. Please e-mail any info, people or places that would help me on this matter to natesbondw@netscape.net.
Thank you!


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Re: Egyptian Hebrew Beliefs
PostPosted: Mon Jul 19, 2004 4:51 am 
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Location: Rome, Georgia USA
Drummerfein wrote:
If anyone has any information on what the Hebrews in Ancient Egypt (preferably Old Kingdom period) believed in or what their religion focused on, I would appreciate it. Please e-mail any info, people or places that would help me on this matter to natesbondw@netscape.net.
Thank you!


Hi Drummerfein, There are very few sources that offer any kind of information that you are looking for here. Most don't consider the Ancient Hebrews as being in existence at that time. For generations the earliest folks would consider Abraham as living was during the 1900's BCE. Which is several centuries after the end of the Old Kingdom. Now you can find occassional expert that puts Abraham into the either the 10th or 11 dynasties or from sometime after 2130 BCE. Which is still after the end of the Old Kingdom.

However Drummerfein, you are in luck coming to this site because i personally believe that Abraham lived during the 1 Dynasty which happens to be before the Old Kingdom.

The best source of information on what the Hebrews believed is Ancient Egypt and the Old Testament by John D. Currid.

The Old Kingdom saw the supremecy of the Memphisite Triad which included the god Ptah, his wife Sekhmet, and their son (who later was considered to be Imhotep). The most interesting aspect of this theology was that Ptah spoke the universe, the world, and all that was in it into being. Just like God in Genesis does. Ptah like the Bible's God was self existing. Throughout Egypt's history, Pharaoh was the main worshipper of Ptah, while Memphis maintained his temples and cults... Pharaoh was his main worshipper.

Also the chaos that Genesis descibes is similiar to the chaos that is at the base of the Hermopolis theology another early Egyptian theology. This relationship was first noticed by Archibald Sayce.

I hope this is a help, there isn't much but there is some. Again the main reason is that most experts don't credit the Ancient Hebrews as being in the Old Kingdom.


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PostPosted: Mon Jul 19, 2004 10:12 am 
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I don't know too too much about the details of this, but I believe that while some of the main gods were eliminated during Akhenaten's rule (especially Amun), there is still evidence of several gods still kicking around. For example: I know that Akhenaten still had a fondness for Ma'at. So I'm not sure if he'd be a monothiest in the full sense of the word.


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