I've never heard of this Oedipus guy. Can you tell me about him, or his myths?
Oedipus was a maybe real King of Thebes in Ancient Greece. He is best known as the subject of 3 plays written by Sophocles (496-406 BCE) the Greek playwrite.
The first play is titled Oedipus. It is about how as the rightful son of King Laius and his Queen Jocosta of Thebes. Oedipus is exsposed as a baby to the wilds by command of his father. Because a prophecy made at his birth predicts he will kill his father and marry his mother. He is saved as a baby and grows up as the adopted son of another Greek King. Somehow Oedipus learns of the prophecy made at his birth. To stop such a horrible thing from happening he leaves his adopted parents. On the road during his travels he meets King Laius. They argue and Oedipus kills him without knowing he is really his father.
By the time Oedipus arrives at Thebes. Thebes is being tormented by a terrible creature called the Sphinx. Part woman, part lion, part eagle she asks a riddle to everyone that wants to pass into Thebes. If the correct answer is given. She lets them pass. When Oedipus arrives and is put to the Sphinx's riddle. Thebes is offering in marriage the widow of King Laius to whoever rids Thebes of the Sphinx.
Oedipus answers the riddle correctly, the Sphinx in anger at being bettered by a human. Throws herself off a cliff and dies. Thebes is free and Oedipus marries his mother still not knowing she is really his mother.
The horrible prophecy at his birth comes true. Despite Laius' horrible solution of exsposing his own son to death to stop it.
The 2nd play is called Oedipus Rex and is about the last days of his time as King of Thebes. When he learns. That his wife Queen Jocosta is actually his mother and that he had killed his father. In a state of repentence Oedipus blinds himself, quits the throne leaving it to his sons to rule as he goes into exile as a begger.
Antigone is the last of the 3 Oedipus plays by Sophocles. Its main character Antigone, is Oedipus' daughter by Jocosta. She surivies the war of succession caused by her father's actions, the death of her brothers. Only to stand up for the right to bury her brother that had fought against their Uncle Creon and Thebes for what was rightfully his anyway. The new King Creon refuses, Antigone goes ahead and buries her brother only to face a horrible death sentence for breaking King Creon's law.
If you take any classic classes in school you will run into the Oedipus plays by Sophocles. Where you will learn that they are not so much based upon historical people, events. But are morality plays to teach Greek thought that you can't escape the fate one is born too.
Hope this helps you AmeliaEgypt, doing a web search on Oedipus, and or Sophocles is another way you can learn more. Have a great day.