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Quickly- tell me all you can about Meryneith!
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PostPosted: Tue Oct 26, 2004 3:27 am 
Pharaoh
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Hiya. Can you guys tell me as much as you can about Meryneith (he adopted various other names too) and his tomb at Saqqara. I have a lecture with the Bristol Egypt Society coming up and I would like to know as much as I can about him before I go. I know some of the basics but some more detailed information on his life, and work under Akhenaten and Tutankhamun would be particularly useful. The

Thankyou. The lecture is on Thursday- so try to be quick!


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PostPosted: Tue Oct 26, 2004 9:28 am 
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This is a good site for information--

http://www.geocities.com/alisalee83/meryneith.html

Because my links usually goof up and must not be correct, I've posted out the information here.

Found in 2001 by a Dutch excavation team, bringing to light a previously unknown high official from the reigns of Akhenaten and Tutankhamen, is the tomb of Meryneith. He was buried in Saqqara, not too far from the tombs of Maya (Tutankhamen's treasurer) and Horemheb. His tomb was apparently started during Akhenaten's reign, but completed under the reign of his successor, Tutankhamen.

According to Dr. Maarten Raven, co-director of the Dutch expedition to Saqqara, Meryneith was a "steward of the Memphite temple of Aten" at the beginning of his career. As steward, it was Meryneith's job to supervise the economic aspects of the temple. Reliefs show him inspecting the grain that had been delivered from the temple's farmlands, as well as the various works produced by the temple's workshops. Meryneith is also shown at the launch of one of Akhenaten's royal barques. The reliefs show Akhenaten seated onboard, underneath a pavillion, but his figure has been destroyed -- it is difficult to make him out! Dr. Raven believes that these relief carvings were executed during the first few years of Akhenaten's reign, as they exhibit the characteristics of early Amarna art.

Reliefs carved in the more "mature" Amarna fashion can be found in other parts of the tomb, depicting the deceased entering and leaving the tomb. By now, Meryneith has changed his name to Meryre, which "clearly reflects the next step of Akhenaten's revolution, when the goddess Neith had been banned from the new pantheon." (p. 33) Thus, this part of the tomb dates from a later part of Akhenaten's reign.

At some point Meryneith, now called Meryre, was promoted to "scribe of the Temple of the Aten in Akhetaten and in Memphis." This title was found inscribed on a statue of Meryneith/re and his wife, Aniuya. It seems as though he divided his time between Memphis, and Akhenaten's new city, Akhet-aten. Some have wondered if this Meryre is the same as either of the two Meryre's that lived in Akhet-aten, "but these [men] always have different functions or different wives, and there is no evidence that any of these namesakes were identical to our tomb-owner." (p. 34)

After Akhenaten died, and Tutankhamen eventually came to the throne, Meryre's name was changed back to its original form, and he became, once again, Meryneith. He then became the High Priest of the goddess Neith, as her worship has been returned to under Tutankhamen. In the new reign, Meryneith's wife, Aniuya, became a songstress of Amen. But what is so confusing about this point in time, is that Meryneith has been promoted to "Greatest of Seers [a Heliopolitan term for High Priest] of the Aten." Meryneith held this title under Tutankhamen, and other "sources indicate that the Memphite temple of the Aten remained open for at least another generation, even though Akhenaten's memory was soon persecuted as that of a criminal." (p. 34) Perhaps this is not so strange when one considers that there existed Aten temples under Amenhotep III, and that the god was first given prominence under Tuthmosis IV, two kings who were certainly not heretics. Perhaps it was not the Aten itself that was seen as heretical, but Akhenaten and his method of worshipping it.

Bibliography
Raven, Maarten "Meryneith: High Priest of the Aten" Minerva: The International Review of Ancient Art and Archaeology, Vol. 13, No. 4, July/August 2002.


Hope all of this helps...


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PostPosted: Tue Oct 26, 2004 1:58 pm 
Here's a couple more links.
http://www.let.leidenuniv.nl/saqqara/Excavation/Tombs/Meryneith/Meryneith.htm


http://www.siteclx.nl/rmo/index.php/do-collection/language-en/sub-researchsakkara

How lucky you are to attend this lecture the University of Bristol. Here a shot of Dr.Maarten Raven at the Saqqara site.

Image

Please, please fill us in on his lecture Friday.


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PostPosted: Tue Oct 26, 2004 2:00 pm 
Pharaoh
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I posted this BTW. Forgot to log on first.

Anonymous wrote:
Here's a couple more links.
http://www.let.leidenuniv.nl/saqqara/Excavation/Tombs/Meryneith/Meryneith.htm


http://www.siteclx.nl/rmo/index.php/do-collection/language-en/sub-researchsakkara

How lucky you are to attend this lecture the University of Bristol. Here's a shot of Dr.Maarten Raven at the Saqqara site.

Image

Please, please fill us in on his lecture Friday.


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PostPosted: Wed Oct 27, 2004 8:09 am 
Pharaoh
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That's the guy! Dr. Maarten Raven is giving the Lecture at the University:

Thursday 28 October 2004: University of Bristol Amelia Edwards Memorial Lecture,
The tomb of Meryneith at Saqqara and its surroundings
Dr Maarten Raven, National Museum of Antiquities, Leiden, Netherlands


Thank you so much for your help. I'm so excited! I'll post back here after the lecture.


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PostPosted: Fri May 27, 2005 2:49 pm 
This is an old topic, but I thought it was worth mentioning that they just put in another season at the tomb of Meryneith.

Here's [quote=http://www.let.leidenuniv.nl/saqqara/Introduction/what's_new.html]a link to the latest info[/quote]

They continued copying reliefs and they had a protective shelter erected over the tomb.

I find the substructure of the tomb quite interesting as well. This old kingdom tom probably dates back to the 2nd dynasty.

Another piece of info I found is that the forecourt of Meryneith's tomb is built at an angle. This is apparently due to the fact thet there is another new kingdom tomb at the east side of Meryneith's tomb. This other tomb apparently was already in existence when Meryneith's tomb was constructed.

It will be interesting to see who that tomb belonged to.

I was reading up on the tombs in Saqqara and there are quite a few tombs that are known to exist but have not been found.

There must be several tombs belonging to the High-priests of Ptah there, among them Khaemweset, son of Ramses II, and Hori, son of Khaemweset. Those should be interesting :D


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PostPosted: Fri May 27, 2005 2:52 pm 
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Forgot to log in :evil: And screwed up the link (oh well)

http://www.let.leidenuniv.nl/saqqara/Introduction/what's_new.html

Hope that works

Anneke


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PostPosted: Thu Jun 02, 2005 9:46 am 
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I posted a synopsis of the whole lecture HERE if you want to learn more. I had a nice chat with Dr. Raven.


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