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Sekhmet

 
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Dark_Meryetamun_28
Gods/Goddesses


Joined: 22 Nov 2002
Posts: 1265
Location: In the throne of Nephthys

PostPosted: Mon Oct 10, 2005 11:17 pm    Post subject: Sekhmet Reply with quote

For a paper in my mythology class, I need to compare and contrast Sekhmet and Kali, a destruction goddess in Hindu mythology. Unfortunately, all of my sources have to be college level, so they can't be random websites or Wikipedia. I'm finding a lot about Kali, which is not surprising, as she is still worshipped. However, I am not finding much on Sekhmet, and I was wondering if anyone could find any sources for me to use. Thanks!
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Merytre-Hatshepsut
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Joined: 04 May 2005
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PostPosted: Tue Oct 11, 2005 3:50 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

That may be tough Very Happy

There were several statues of Sekhmet found in the Karnak cache. These date to the period of Amenhotep III.

There's a tomb found by Zivie of the Royal Scribe and Chief of the Granaries, Mery-Sekhmet, who lived in Dynasty 19. Showing that Sekhmet was prominent enough in that time to appear in a name of a high-ranking official. ("beloved of Sekhmet"). Sekhmet was the consort of Ptah and locally one of the great deities.
http://www.sis.gov.eg/egyptinf/culture/html/sakar04.htm

I know the links won't do, but they give you an intro.
Zivie spends only 2 pages on the tomb in "Les tombeaux retrouves de Saqqara". There's more info about the tomb on the website I mentioned.

Reeves mentions in his book "Ancient Egypt: The great discoveries" that many statues of Sekhmet have been found in Thebes:

1760 Donati finds a Sekhmet statue at in Thebes
1800 Napoleon's expedition find 15 whole and fragmentary statues
1816 Belzoni finds 18 more at KArnak
1817-18 Belzoni and Salt find 20 more (5 in good state)

A series of Sekhmet statues were found at Amenhotep III's mortuary temple at Kom el-Heitan.

They now estimate the number of statues of Sekhmet at Karnak to run over 700! The majority are inscribed for Amenhotep III. Others date to Ramses II, Pinudjem I (21st dynasty) and Shoshenq I (Dyn 22).
But most of the later statues were probably usurped from Amenhotep III.

Reeves mentions that the collection has been described as a monumental litany in stone intended to conjure the goddess in pharaoh's eternal defence. It may be related to his heb-sed festival. It's also possible that it is related to the plague that ran throughout the neareast in the 14th Century BC.
(All of this is from Reeves' book Smile )

In Wilkinson's "The Complete Temples of Ancient Egypt" there is also mention of Sekhmet.

There's a temple dedicated to Hathor-Sekhmet at Kom el Hisn. This one again dates to the time of Amenhotep III.

Sekhmet was also the consort of Ptah and mother of Nefertem, so she must have been worshipped at Memphis as well.

I'm sure a good boook on egyptian mythology will cover Sekhmet as well.
I don't really have one of those, but they should be easy to find.

I think I have seen people recommend this one by Wilkinson:
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0500051208/102-8121695-9108135?v=glance

Not sure if that was helpful or not Wink
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SerqSekhet
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Joined: 23 Nov 2004
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PostPosted: Tue Oct 25, 2005 12:24 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Being the destructive forces of nature revered as female in deity is also related to the attributs of Heka/Hekau; which could be the aspects of Hecate as the old or hidden aspects of women that isn't so praised than she is fear seems to be connected as well to Sekhmet. Thoth whom has tried to convince Sekhmet to return. Return to "what" is the question which can go in many directions.

As to prove the Hecate theory as to Sekhmet; C is regarded as a K in language- spelling it with a C instead of a K to read Heca/Heka meaning "magic", and and a bread glyph known as the "te" to indicate the word is female. Creating the word and deity under a new name as in new moon as to be hidden from veiw called Hecate whom is really Sekhmet.

Study long enough, you'll find that its amazing how man "Ptah" known as a society has manipulated woman/women into believing in something they are not.
Such as society being "male" dominated since "Horus" took over known as the Wadjet (restoration of power) called the Paternal herarchy really thinks of woman/women to be the real aspects of Venus. Not just what the full moon shows women as beauties, weak and meek creatures is only half the truth of what Man really thinks of the female gender. Such as the truth of Venus is that she bribed Paris for her title promising another man's wife which started the Trojan War. As well Venus being a trouble maker, she was also an aldultrous which are some of the associations hidden from society in general about the general ideaology man has of woman.

aahh, its a rant.
good luck with your paper.
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Horus may be bigger than me, but he can't make me go down unlike himself as sun-set.

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Last edited by SerqSekhet on Sun Oct 30, 2005 6:42 pm; edited 1 time in total
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Selket
Egyptian Architect


Joined: 14 Jun 2005
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Location: Palatine,IL

PostPosted: Tue Oct 25, 2005 11:09 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Raid your library of all books on Egyptian mythology.

This reminds me of this site that compares Norse & Greek mythology.
Odin/Zeus
Thor/Athene
Loki/Prometheus
Frigg/Hera
Freyja/Aphrodite
Tyr/Ares
Baldur/Apollo
Hela/Hades
Hermod/Hermes
Ull/Artemis
Aegir/Poseidon
Norns/Fates
Golden Apples
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SerqSekhet
peasant


Joined: 23 Nov 2004
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PostPosted: Sun Oct 30, 2005 7:04 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Just me again. I was remebering that the arabic language has no Pe sound in its alphebet. That would make the goddess Pakhet/Pekhet/Pakht to read Bakhet ect... as Pakistan is written with a B in arabic is how I remebered this. Ba = soul Khet/Kit = cat in arabic, "Bakhet "meaning the soul of a cat which is the same features as "Sekhmet" and the northern cat "Bast". A rock cut temple at Beni Hasan in Middle Egypt makes reference to Hor-Pakhet as connected to Horus. Also identified as forms of Isis and Hathor. Her name(s) mean "tearer" and "she who snatches" is known as Goddess of the Mouth of Wadi (it so happens that the Pe sound is associated with the mouth which eventually went missing from the alphebet or cut off from it as I discovered). Other titles include "Night Huntress with sharp claws" and "Lady of Sept (Star Sirius) and regarded as a fire goddess and is called upon for protection against all evil spirits and to destroy the enemies of .
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If Horus is the Sun,then I'm Pluto!
Horus may be bigger than me, but he can't make me go down unlike himself as sun-set.

And if I was the sun, I'd be sunrise!
Made Horus rise before he was King!
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Psusennes I
Pharaoh


Joined: 09 Sep 2004
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PostPosted: Sun Oct 30, 2005 8:58 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I'd say the most important point to make is that Kali is not just a destroyer, but also a renewer and preserver . On the other hand Sekhmet's focus is on worldly destruction, rather than the religious destruction and renewal of the Universe. I hope that gives you somthing to think about, even if you disagree with it.
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Dark_Meryetamun_28
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Location: In the throne of Nephthys

PostPosted: Tue Nov 01, 2005 6:22 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I finished the rough draft. Anyone who wants to read it can PM me. I'll be speaking to my teacher about it tomorrow and hearing his comments. Thanks for all your help!
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markjay50
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PostPosted: Wed Aug 11, 2010 2:02 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Reeves mentions in his book "Ancient Egypt: The great discoveries" that many statues of Sekhmet have been found in Thebes:

Raid your library of all books on Egyptian mythology.
"" TNX & GOD BLESS "" Smile
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tutankhamun
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Joined: 30 Oct 2010
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PostPosted: Sat Oct 30, 2010 8:23 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Sekhmet was origionally the warrior goddess of Upper Egypt, she is depicted as a lioness, the fiercest hunter know to the Egyptians. It was said that her breath created the desert. She was seen as the protector of the Pharaohs and lead them in warfare.


Sekhmet became identified in some later cults as a daughter of the new sun god R, when his cult merged with and supplanted the wirship of Horous. At that time many roles of deities were changed further when the Greeks established a royal line of rulers that lasted for three hundred years and some of their historians tried to create parallels between deities in the two pantheons.
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