Ancient Egyptian Forum Forum Index Ancient Egyptian Forum

 
 FAQFAQ   SearchSearch   MemberlistMemberlist   UsergroupsUsergroups   RegisterRegister 
 ProfileProfile   Log in to check your private messagesLog in to check your private messages   Log inLog in 


The Rosetta Stone (Help Please)

 
Post new topic   Reply to topic    Ancient Egyptian Forum Forum Index -> Hieroglyphs
View previous topic :: View next topic  
Author Message
- Venom -
Tomb Robber


Joined: 15 Nov 2005
Posts: 2

PostPosted: Wed Nov 16, 2005 1:10 am    Post subject: The Rosetta Stone (Help Please) Reply with quote

How did the Rosetta Stone help decipher hieroglyphs , any help would be great (got some homework due tomorrow)
_________________
- Help Me Please - Website - www.ClanReverse.tk
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message Visit poster's website
Google
Sponsor





PostPosted: Wed Nov 16, 2005 1:10 am    Post subject: Advertisement

Back to top
Unas
Pharaoh


Joined: 26 Feb 2005
Posts: 606
Location: Saqqara... someday...

PostPosted: Fri Nov 18, 2005 3:16 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

I hope this isn't too late, but here's the jist of it.

The stone came with writing on it, writing in three different languages. These were Latin, Coptic and Hieroglyphic.

We already knew Latin at the time it was found, and Coptic was known, too. But the Hieroglyphs were still a mystery.

One day, a young French boy, I think, who was well-versed in Coptic by the time he was twelve, cracked the code by filling in the blanks.

How he did it, I don't know. For me, it's a matter of rememberance of other people's findings. Figuring it out is beyond me!
_________________
"Does anyone ever truly think 'outside' of the box, or are they merely expanding the possibilities of what that box can hold to suit their own agenda?"
(Piquet: Nov. 3, 2005)
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message Send e-mail Visit poster's website MSN Messenger
maatkara
Pharaoh


Joined: 21 Oct 2004
Posts: 705
Location: Valle d'Aosta- Italy

PostPosted: Fri Nov 18, 2005 1:43 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

No, I'm sorry Unas, the languages were linear B (ancient greek), ieratic and demotic.
The scholar that you kindly define as a "young boy", was indeed a very well known egyptologist of the time, Jean François Champoillon, who already found the way to decifrate hiero, but the finding of this stone helped him finding more precise proove of his theories on the interpretation of the way of writing and language.
Everything can be found on the web or, in case I can help with more infos.

sorry Unas.. Rolling Eyes
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message Send e-mail Visit poster's website
Neb-Ma'at-Re
Pharaoh


Joined: 09 Dec 2003
Posts: 690

PostPosted: Fri Nov 18, 2005 8:17 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

The three scripts on the stone were Ancient Greek, Demotic, and Hieroglyph (not Hieratic). Demotic (from the Greek demotika meaning "popular") was derived from Hieratic (Greek for "priestly"). Hieratic was a cursive form of Hieroglyphs that was used mainly for written texts (as opposed to carved). Demotic was an even more abreviated version of Hieroglyphs which was widely used by the Late Period.

Champollion had speculated that the Hieroglyph language was not purely a pictorgraph form of writing. His theory was that it also used phenomes (symbols that stand for a 'sound' not just a concept or word) in addtion to pictographs. Up until then, those who studied the writing, such as Thomas Young (english physicist) thought it to be purely pictorgraphical. There were a few instances that Champollion was able to use Coptic words and phonemes in Egyptian names, such as Rameses but not enough to validate his theory.

Champollion just needed the right break through to prove his theory, and it came in the form of the Rossetta Stone. He knew the name Ptolemy appeared several times in the Greek section of the stone. He saw the cartouches in the Hieroglyphs section and presuming it held the name of something or someone important, he applied his theory to the glyphs that made up Ptolemy's name (Ptolemaois in it original form) and he had the glyphs for P T O L M I I S (remember foreign names in ancient Egypt were spelled out phonetically instead of bilitleral or triliteral signs). He needed another reference to confirm his theory and found the cartouche of Cleopatra and thus matched the glyphs for L I O P in her name (Kliopadra) to those in Ptolemy's. From there it snowballed and he was able to match many many more glyphs.
_________________


Last edited by Neb-Ma'at-Re on Fri Nov 18, 2005 11:53 pm; edited 1 time in total
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message
maatkara
Pharaoh


Joined: 21 Oct 2004
Posts: 705
Location: Valle d'Aosta- Italy

PostPosted: Fri Nov 18, 2005 10:20 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

oops...I just wrote down what quickly came up in my mind, I didn't rely on any book or google, and you caught me wrong...yes it was hieroglyph and not hieratic, you are right.....
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message Send e-mail Visit poster's website
Unas
Pharaoh


Joined: 26 Feb 2005
Posts: 606
Location: Saqqara... someday...

PostPosted: Sat Nov 19, 2005 4:20 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Well, I can't be right all the time. I was remembering from a book I haven't been able to locate for a long while...
_________________
"Does anyone ever truly think 'outside' of the box, or are they merely expanding the possibilities of what that box can hold to suit their own agenda?"
(Piquet: Nov. 3, 2005)
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message Send e-mail Visit poster's website MSN Messenger
Psusennes I
Pharaoh


Joined: 09 Sep 2004
Posts: 913
Location: England

PostPosted: Mon Nov 21, 2005 6:26 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

BTW - there's a really good series on about Egypt playing in the UK, made by the BBC. It's a series of dramas based on the lives of several key Egyptologists. They've already done Carter, outlining his uneasy relationship with Lord Canarvon, as well as Belzoni. The series has given some fascinating insights into the discernable characters behind these leading figures- it's been really interesting.

Next week Champolion is under the spotlight. Something to do with his discoveries contradicting the bible or something. It looks really interesting, and remarkably everything that's been shown doesn't seem hugely dubious - which is unusual for a docu-drama.

I recommend it.
_________________
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message
Hatshepsut76
Prince/Princess


Joined: 10 Apr 2005
Posts: 211
Location: Roma, Italy

PostPosted: Tue Nov 22, 2005 2:40 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

It should be great that everyone could have free vision of it... I explain: I think it requires some access to pay tv such as satellitar channels, but, any persons can't afford it! By the way it could be interesting to see it! Wink
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message Send e-mail Visit poster's website MSN Messenger
Ankhesenamun_1
Egyptian Architect


Joined: 03 Dec 2005
Posts: 155
Location: United States of America

PostPosted: Sun Dec 04, 2005 8:53 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

i wish i could see it..live in the USA though Sad
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message Send e-mail AIM Address
Psusennes I
Pharaoh


Joined: 09 Sep 2004
Posts: 913
Location: England

PostPosted: Mon Dec 05, 2005 5:09 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

It was so interesting! The last program documented how Champollion managed to secure international repute in Britain, France and Turin (even being offered the post of a cardinal by Pope Leo. . . despite the fact that he was married with a child) and also outwit rival scholars, dating the Dendera zodiac correctly using the cartouche inscribed with 'autocrator' near the foot of one of the goddesses.

He was granted leave for an expedition to Egypt by the King of France, but was forbidden to publish anything which directly contradicted the Bible. It stated that Great Flood occured in 2349 BC with the total destruction of all civillisation and any contrary evidence in Egypt was seen as a threat to the Church. When he arrived himself in Egypt he discovered (using Egyptian lineage) that the Egyptian civilisation had continued unaffected by the flood, and he kept notes on the subject in his secret diary - written in French and Coptic. He also discovered, perhaps most amazingly of all, the purpose behind the Egyptian tombs. Their purpose had remained unknown for two thousand years.

Unfortunately whilst in Egypt the shock and strains led Champollion to develop blood clots that later escalated into a full stroke. Whilst dying he revealed the connotations of his discoveries to his team of seven artisans, whom he had taught the hieroglyphic language, and he died only a few weeks after returning to France.
_________________
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message
Lara Croft
Tomb Robber


Joined: 06 Dec 2007
Posts: 3

PostPosted: Thu Dec 06, 2007 6:05 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Champollion also found that the then supposed sounds made sounds for a name too, along with the symbols. When he took the Cartouche with Ramses' name in it, He found the SUN symbol for the sun god Ra, the symbol that seemed like the Coptic 'M' and the symbol making the 'S' sound.

Together, he made:



[RA] [M] [S]

Ramses.
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message
Osiris II
Pharaoh


Joined: 13 Mar 2004
Posts: 914
Location: Long Beach, CA

PostPosted: Thu Dec 06, 2007 11:51 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Ankhy said:

i wish i could see it..live in the USA though

It was shown here in the U.S. several months ago. As I remember, it was quite good and I enjoyed it very much.
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message
tnrees
Prince/Princess


Joined: 09 Jul 2005
Posts: 497
Location: Taunton, UK

PostPosted: Fri Dec 07, 2007 12:25 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

It whas Thomas Young who first decided some hieroglyphs were alphabetic not champollion.
Young was a polymath - I have just started a biography of him called 'The last man who knew everything' - the claim was an exageration but not by that much.
He was more interested in demotic (or enchorial as he called it) as he made a good guess about the sort of stuff that would be written in hieroglyphs.
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message
Lara Croft
Tomb Robber


Joined: 06 Dec 2007
Posts: 3

PostPosted: Fri Dec 07, 2007 7:15 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Well I didn't say Champollion found you can make sounds out of glyphs, I just meant he took advantage of that and decided to use it to depcit Ramses' name.
Back to top
View user's profile Send private message
Display posts from previous:   
Post new topic   Reply to topic    Ancient Egyptian Forum Forum Index -> Hieroglyphs All times are GMT
Page 1 of 1

 
Jump to:  
You cannot post new topics in this forum
You cannot reply to topics in this forum
You cannot edit your posts in this forum
You cannot delete your posts in this forum
You cannot vote in polls in this forum


Powered by phpBB © 2001, 2005 phpBB Group

Anti Bot Question MOD - phpBB MOD against Spam Bots
Blocked registrations / posts: 10373 / 0