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Hypothesis help (akhenaten)
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Kiya
Prince/Princess


Joined: 25 Sep 2002
Posts: 442
Location: Derby

PostPosted: Mon Apr 11, 2005 1:54 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Originally posted by Neb-Ma'at-Re
Quote:
Osiris I believe the term that best describes your words would be henotheism. A term coined by the 19th Century German Orienatlist, Max Müller. It's meaning can be described as a belief in, and possible worship of, multiple gods, one of which is supreme. It is also called inclusive monotheism or monarchial polytheism. According to Müller, it is "monotheism in principle and a polytheism in fact".


Yes 'Henotheism'. I wrote a paper on that very term when doing a short course in Egyptology at Birmingham University(Unfortunately not being able to afford to study to full degree level-ah maybe one! Crying or Very sad )
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Psusennes I
Pharaoh


Joined: 09 Sep 2004
Posts: 913
Location: England

PostPosted: Mon Apr 11, 2005 3:11 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I would say that calling the Egyptian state religion monaltrous is a far stretch at best. Whilst some cults focused on one particular God, whom they revered as 'greater' than the other Gods, I do not believe that the entire pantheon could be viewed as mere 'reflections' of this God. The most amusing take on this has to be the view of some modern Egyptian Religious re-enactment groups, who base their entirely henotheistic religion on the occasional use of the word 'netjer' (sing.) in prayers of adoration to mean that the entire pantheon is part of a greater God, as in Hinduism. Even the cults of Aten and Atum cannot truly be called monaltrous, and using the whole 'netjer' thing to try to support this argument is certainly ridiculous.

I do not believe that there is strong evidence to suggest Henotheism in Egypt at any time other than during the reign of Akhenaten.
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